The Principal Component Analysis Biplot Predictions versus the Ordinary Least Squares Regression Predictions: The Anthropometric Case Study

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Chisimkwuo John
Chukwuemeka O. Omekara
Godwin Okwara


An indicative feature of a principal component analysis (PCA) variant to the multivariate data set is the ability to transform correlated linearly dependent variables to linearly independent principal components. Back-transforming these components with the samples and variables approximated on a single calibrated plot gives rise to the PCA Biplots. In this work, the predictive property of the PCA biplot was augmented in the visualization of anthropometric measurements namely; weight (kg), height (cm), skinfold (cm), arm muscle circumference AMC (cm), mid upper arm circumference MUAC (cm) collected from the students of School of Nursing and Midwifery, Federal Medical Center (FMC), Umuahia, Nigeria. The adequacy and quality of the PCA Biplot was calculated and the predicted samples are then compared with the ordinary least square (OLS) regression predictions since both predictions makes use of an indicative minimization of the error sum of squares. The result suggests that the PCA biplot prediction merits further consideration when handling correlated multivariate data sets as its predictions with mean square error (MSE) of 0.00149 seems to be better when compared to the OLS regression predictions with MSE of 29.452.

Principal component analysis, biplot, prediction, OLS regression

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How to Cite
John, C., Omekara, C., & Okwara, G. (2019). The Principal Component Analysis Biplot Predictions versus the Ordinary Least Squares Regression Predictions: The Anthropometric Case Study. Asian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 3(4), 1-10. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


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